Which are the consequences of bulimia and anorexia for the teeth?

How can bulimia and anorexia affect teeth?

Bulimia

Does bulimia and anorexia affect teeth? Changes and dental damage in many people with bulimia are often easy to recognize. Frequent vomiting can cause the salivary glands and tissues of the mouth to swell and the tongue to become dry, red and sore.

A bulimic person is characterized by forced vomiting after eating as a result of a sickly obsession to maintain an extremely low weight with the idea of following the rules of image of today’s society.

Frequent vomiting can erode the enamel of the teeth, especially on the tongue side of the upper front teeth. The acids of the vomit can develop into many consequences, the acid can destroy the protection of your teeth. After this happens many types of bacteria can perforate the surface of the tooth and reach the root, causing the tooth to fall or also called tooth decay. By this way, the chewing process becomes impossible, and this damage can only be saved or solved with dentures or implants.

The erosion of the teeth increases the risk of decay in these areas and can cause these teeth to become sensitive to temperature variations.

Bulimia dental erosion

People with acute bulimia can vomit at least 3-4 times daily, it is then evident the dimension of the problem that can be caused in their tooth enamel.

A major erosion of the teeth can present changes in the bite, for example the way that your teeth close the mouth to chew, this produce and asymmetric position.

Oral consequences of bulimia

  • Permanent sore throat, as a consequence of that to force the vomit.
  • Inflammation of the salivary glands.
  • Sore tongue, due to the strength of the throat.

Bulimia

Other consequences of bulimia

  • Pressure in the eyes and pain due to the force that focuses on the face when vomiting.
  • It stops the growing process, this will make you look like a child even if you have 30 years old. This is something that happens if you develop bulimia or anorexia while you are young.
  • The loss of hair in the head, but excess of lanugo.

Lanugo

It is important to mention that bulimia has more probabilities to cause many teeth diseases, but also anorexia can be harmful, for example, the lack of nutrients, food, and vitamins can develop osteoporosis. This disease weakens the bones of the jaw, which support the teeth, causing tooth loss.

It should be clarified that healing cannot be associated only with the restoration of body weight. Both anorexia and bulimia are psychiatric illnesses that should be treated by psychologists and psychiatrists.

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